Did You Know?




For some Indigenous peoples, Turtle Island refers to the continent of North America. The name comes from various Indigenous oral histories that tell stories of a turtle that holds the world on its back. For some Indigenous peoples, the turtle is therefore considered an icon of life, and the story of Turtle Island consequently speaks to various spiritual and cultural beliefs.

Specific to Windsor-Essex, Windsor Regional Hospital sits on the traditional territory of the Three Fires Confederacy of First Nations, which includes the Ojibwa, the Odawa, and the Potawatomie.




June 21st marks National Indigenous Peoples Day (also known as Indigenous Solidarity Day). This date of June 21 falls on the summer solstice (the longest day of the year) and has important symbolism for many Indigenous peoples. Across Canada, the day is marked by ceremonies and celebrations that highlight cultural performances and activities (festivals, traditional dances, storytelling, singing, pow-wows and more), displays of arts and crafts, and events that recognize the contributions by Indigenous people.

This holiday is a great opportunity to learn further about Indigenous culture in a deeper way beyond headlines and textbooks.

"People around us are asking questions and are curious about Indigenous experiences, and wanting to understand not only the critical social issues that Indigenous Peoples face, but also the strength and resilience, and the incredible brilliance of Indigenous Peoples." - Professor Jeffrey Ansloos, a member of the Fisher River Cree Nation.




There are three distinct categories of Indigenous peoples in Canada: Inuit, Métis and First Nations.

  • The Inuit primarily inhabit the northern regions of Canada. Their homeland, known as Inuit Nunangat, includes much of the land, water and ice contained in the Arctic region.
  • Métis peoples are of mixed European and Indigenous ancestry, and live mostly in the Prairie provinces and Ontario, but also in other parts of the country.
  • First Nations peoples were the original inhabitants of the land that is now Canada, often occupying territories south of the Arctic.

Although these groups share many similarities, they each have their own distinct heritage, language, cultural practices, and spiritual beliefs.




Every June 21 is National Indigenous Peoples Day (also known as Indigenous Solidarity Day). This is an official day of celebration to recognize and honour the heritage, cultures, and valuable contributions to society by First Nation, Inuit, and Métis peoples.